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NCBI: 10-JUN-2013

Summary[edit source | edit]

  • organism: Staphylococcus aureus COL
  • locus tag: SACOL0557 [new locus tag: SACOL_RS02850 ]
  • pan locus tag?: SAUPAN002255000
  • symbol: cysK
  • pan gene symbol?: cysK
  • synonym:
  • product: cysteine synthase

Genome View[edit source | edit]

Gene[edit source | edit]

General[edit source | edit]

  • type: CDS
  • locus tag: SACOL0557 [new locus tag: SACOL_RS02850 ]
  • symbol: cysK
  • product: cysteine synthase
  • replicon: chromosome
  • strand: +
  • coordinates: 567101..568033
  • length: 933
  • essential: unknown other strains

Accession numbers[edit source | edit]

Phenotype[edit source | edit]

  • Share your knowledge and add information here. [edit]

DNA sequence[edit source | edit]

  • 1
    61
    121
    181
    241
    301
    361
    421
    481
    541
    601
    661
    721
    781
    841
    901
    ATGGCACAAAAACCAGTAGATAATATTACTCAAATTATTGGCGGTACACCGGTAGTCAAA
    TTGAGAAATGTAGTAGATGATAATGCAGCAGATGTTTATGTAAAATTGGAATATCAAAAT
    CCAGGTGGTTCTGTAAAGGATAGAATTGCTTTAGCAATGATTGAAAAAGCAGAGCGAGAA
    GGCAAAATTAAACCTGGCGATACAATTGTAGAACCAACAAGTGGTAATACAGGTATCGGT
    TTAGCATTTGTATGTGCTGCTAAAGGATATAAAGCAGTATTTACTATGCCCGAAACAATG
    AGCCAAGAGCGTCGTAATTTATTAAAAGCATACGGTGCGGAATTAGTTTTAACGCCTGGA
    TCAGAAGCGATGAAAGGTGCAATTAAAAAAGCTAAAGAATTGAAAGAAGAACATGGTTAC
    TTCGAGCCACAACAATTTGAAAACCCTGCGAACCCTGAAGTTCATGAGTTAACTACAGGT
    CCTGAGTTATTACAACAATTTGAAGGGAAAACTATCGATGCGTTCCTAGCTGGTGTTGGT
    ACTGGTGGTACGTTATCTGGTGTAGGTAAAGTTCTGAAAAAAGAATATCCTAACATCGAA
    ATTGTTGCTATAGAGCCTGAGGCTTCTCCAGTATTGAGCGGTGGTGAGCCAGGTCCACAT
    AAATTACAAGGTTTAGGTGCTGGATTTATTCCAGGCACTTTGAATACAGAAATCTATGAC
    AGTATTATTAAAGTAGGAAATGATACAGCGATGGAAATGTCTCGTCGAGTTGCTAAAGAG
    GAAGGTATTTTAGCAGGTATTTCATCAGGTGCTGCGATTTATGCTGCCATTCAAAAAGCA
    AAAGAATTAGGAAAAGGTAAAACAGTAGTAACAGTATTGCCGAGTAATGGTGAACGCTAC
    TTATCAACACCTTTATATTCATTCGATGACTAA
    60
    120
    180
    240
    300
    360
    420
    480
    540
    600
    660
    720
    780
    840
    900
    933

Protein[edit source | edit]

General[edit source | edit]

  • locus tag: SACOL0557 [new locus tag: SACOL_RS02850 ]
  • symbol: CysK
  • description: cysteine synthase
  • length: 310
  • theoretical pI: 5.12885
  • theoretical MW: 32975.4
  • GRAVY: -0.237419

Function[edit source | edit]

  • reaction:
    EC 2.5.1.47?  ExPASy
    Cysteine synthaseO-acetyl-L-serine + hydrogen sulfide = L-cysteine + acetate
  • TIGRFAM:
    MetabolismAmino acid biosynthesisSerine familycysteine synthase A (TIGR01139; EC 2.5.1.47; HMM-score: 463.6)
    MetabolismAmino acid biosynthesisSerine familycysteine synthase (TIGR01136; EC 2.5.1.47; HMM-score: 440.6)
    MetabolismAmino acid biosynthesisSerine familycystathionine beta-synthase (TIGR01137; EC 4.2.1.22; HMM-score: 326.6)
    MetabolismAmino acid biosynthesisSerine familycysteine synthase B (TIGR01138; EC 2.5.1.47; HMM-score: 293)
    Cellular processesCellular processesBiosynthesis of natural products2,3-diaminopropionate biosynthesis protein SbnA (TIGR03945; HMM-score: 245.2)
    MetabolismAmino acid biosynthesisPyruvate familythreonine ammonia-lyase, biosynthetic (TIGR01124; EC 4.3.1.19; HMM-score: 73.8)
    MetabolismAmino acid biosynthesisPyruvate familythreonine ammonia-lyase (TIGR01127; EC 4.3.1.19; HMM-score: 73.7)
    MetabolismAmino acid biosynthesisPyruvate familythreonine dehydratase (TIGR02079; EC 4.3.1.19; HMM-score: 72.7)
    ectoine utilization protein EutB (TIGR02991; HMM-score: 48)
    MetabolismAmino acid biosynthesisAspartate familythreonine synthase (TIGR00260; EC 4.2.3.1; HMM-score: 41.3)
    MetabolismAmino acid biosynthesisAromatic amino acid familytryptophan synthase, beta subunit (TIGR00263; EC 4.2.1.20; HMM-score: 33.4)
    Unknown functionEnzymes of unknown specificitypyridoxal-phosphate dependent TrpB-like enzyme (TIGR01415; HMM-score: 33.4)
    diaminopropionate ammonia-lyase (TIGR03528; EC 4.3.1.15; HMM-score: 23.2)
    MetabolismEnergy metabolismOtherdiaminopropionate ammonia-lyase family (TIGR01747; EC 4.3.1.15; HMM-score: 23.1)
  • TheSEED:  
    Amino Acids and DerivativesLysine, threonine, methionine, and cysteineCysteine Biosynthesis Cysteine synthase (EC 2.5.1.47) 
    Lysine, threonine, methionine, and cysteineMethionine Biosynthesis Cysteine synthase (EC 2.5.1.47) 
  • PFAM:
    no clan definedPALP; Pyridoxal-phosphate dependent enzyme (PF00291; HMM-score: 241.3)
    NADP_Rossmann (CL0063) ADH_zinc_N; Zinc-binding dehydrogenase (PF00107; HMM-score: 18.1)
    Periplas_BP (CL0144) Peripla_BP_4; Periplasmic binding protein domain (PF13407; HMM-score: 11.7)
    Thiolase (CL0046) ACP_syn_III_C; 3-Oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein (ACP)] synthase III C terminal (PF08541; HMM-score: 10.2)

Structure, modifications & interactions[edit source | edit]

  • domains:
  • modifications:
  • cofactors: pyridoxal 5'-phosphate
  • effectors:
  • protein partners:
    SACOL0842(eno)phosphopyruvate hydratase  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL0593(fusA)elongation factor G  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL0838(gapA1)glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL2623(mqo2)malate:quinone oxidoreductase  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL1102(pdhA)pyruvate dehydrogenase complex E1 component subunit alpha  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL1103(pdhB)pyruvate dehydrogenase complex E1 component subunit beta  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL1105(pdhD)dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL2128(pdp)pyrimidine-nucleoside phosphorylase  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL1745(pyk)pyruvate kinase  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL0584(rplA)50S ribosomal protein L1  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL0585(rplJ)50S ribosomal protein L10  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL0594(tuf)elongation factor Tu  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL1681Rrf2 family protein  [1] (data from MRSA252)
    SACOL2173alkaline shock protein 23  [1] (data from MRSA252)

Localization[edit source | edit]

  • PSORTb: Cytoplasmic
    • Cytoplasmic Score: 7.5
    • Cytoplasmic Membrane Score: 1.15
    • Cellwall Score: 0.62
    • Extracellular Score: 0.73
    • Internal Helices: 0
  • LocateP: Intracellular
    • Prediction by SwissProt Classification: Cytoplasmic
    • Pathway Prediction: No pathway
    • Intracellular Possibility: 1
    • Signal Peptide Possibility: -1
    • N-terminally Anchored Score: 1
    • Predicted Cleavage Site: No CleavageSite
  • SignalP: no predicted signal peptide
    • Ymax: 0.199
    • Ymax_pos: 30
    • Cmax: 0.249
    • Cmax_pos: 30
    • Smax: 0.233
    • Smax_pos: 27
    • Smean: 0.125
    • D: 0.171
  • predicted transmembrane helices (TMHMM): 0

Accession numbers[edit source | edit]

Protein sequence[edit source | edit]

  • MAQKPVDNITQIIGGTPVVKLRNVVDDNAADVYVKLEYQNPGGSVKDRIALAMIEKAEREGKIKPGDTIVEPTSGNTGIGLAFVCAAKGYKAVFTMPETMSQERRNLLKAYGAELVLTPGSEAMKGAIKKAKELKEEHGYFEPQQFENPANPEVHELTTGPELLQQFEGKTIDAFLAGVGTGGTLSGVGKVLKKEYPNIEIVAIEPEASPVLSGGEPGPHKLQGLGAGFIPGTLNTEIYDSIIKVGNDTAMEMSRRVAKEEGILAGISSGAAIYAAIQKAKELGKGKTVVTVLPSNGERYLSTPLYSFDD

Experimental data[edit source | edit]

  • experimentally validated: PeptideAtlas
    experimental localization: Cytoplasmic [2] [3] [4] [5]
    quantitative data / protein copy number per cell: 5242 [6]

Expression & Regulation[edit source | edit]

Operon[edit source | edit]

Regulation[edit source | edit]

  • sigma factor:
  • regulator: SACOL1681 (CymR*)
    CymR* (TF) important in Cysteine metabolism  RegPrecise

Transcription pattern[edit source | edit]

Protein synthesis (provided by Aureolib)[edit source | edit]

Protein stability[edit source | edit]

  • half-life: 366.64 h [7]

Biological Material[edit source | edit]

Mutants[edit source | edit]

Expression vector[edit source | edit]

lacZ fusion[edit source | edit]

GFP fusion[edit source | edit]

two-hybrid system[edit source | edit]

FLAG-tag construct[edit source | edit]

Antibody[edit source | edit]

Other Information[edit source | edit]

You are kindly invited to share additional interesting facts.

Literature[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 Artem Cherkasov, Michael Hsing, Roya Zoraghi, Leonard J Foster, Raymond H See, Nikolay Stoynov, Jihong Jiang, Sukhbir Kaur, Tian Lian, Linda Jackson, Huansheng Gong, Rick Swayze, Emily Amandoron, Farhad Hormozdiari, Phuong Dao, Cenk Sahinalp, Osvaldo Santos-Filho, Peter Axerio-Cilies, Kendall Byler, William R McMaster, Robert C Brunham, B Brett Finlay, Neil E Reiner
    Mapping the protein interaction network in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
    J. Proteome Res.: 2011, 10(3);1139-50
    [PubMed:21166474] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)
  2. Dörte Becher, Kristina Hempel, Susanne Sievers, Daniela Zühlke, Jan Pané-Farré, Andreas Otto, Stephan Fuchs, Dirk Albrecht, Jörg Bernhardt, Susanne Engelmann, Uwe Völker, Jan Maarten van Dijl, Michael Hecker
    A proteomic view of an important human pathogen--towards the quantification of the entire Staphylococcus aureus proteome.
    PLoS ONE: 2009, 4(12);e8176
    [PubMed:19997597] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)
  3. Kristina Hempel, Jan Pané-Farré, Andreas Otto, Susanne Sievers, Michael Hecker, Dörte Becher
    Quantitative cell surface proteome profiling for SigB-dependent protein expression in the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus via biotinylation approach.
    J. Proteome Res.: 2010, 9(3);1579-90
    [PubMed:20108986] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)
  4. Kristina Hempel, Florian-Alexander Herbst, Martin Moche, Michael Hecker, Dörte Becher
    Quantitative proteomic view on secreted, cell surface-associated, and cytoplasmic proteins of the methicillin-resistant human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus under iron-limited conditions.
    J. Proteome Res.: 2011, 10(4);1657-66
    [PubMed:21323324] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)
  5. Andreas Otto, Jan Maarten van Dijl, Michael Hecker, Dörte Becher
    The Staphylococcus aureus proteome.
    Int. J. Med. Microbiol.: 2014, 304(2);110-20
    [PubMed:24439828] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)
  6. Daniela Zühlke, Kirsten Dörries, Jörg Bernhardt, Sandra Maaß, Jan Muntel, Volkmar Liebscher, Jan Pané-Farré, Katharina Riedel, Michael Lalk, Uwe Völker, Susanne Engelmann, Dörte Becher, Stephan Fuchs, Michael Hecker
    Costs of life - Dynamics of the protein inventory of Staphylococcus aureus during anaerobiosis.
    Sci Rep: 2016, 6;28172
    [PubMed:27344979] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)
  7. Stephan Michalik, Jörg Bernhardt, Andreas Otto, Martin Moche, Dörte Becher, Hanna Meyer, Michael Lalk, Claudia Schurmann, Rabea Schlüter, Holger Kock, Ulf Gerth, Michael Hecker
    Life and death of proteins: a case study of glucose-starved Staphylococcus aureus.
    Mol. Cell Proteomics: 2012, 11(9);558-70
    [PubMed:22556279] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Relevant publications[edit source | edit]